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Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, known as bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification procedure to allow a performance of around 2 million transactions every day. At the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. But bitcoin isnt bodily, so why do we call it mining

Because its similar to gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold is underground), but they havent been brought out into the mild yet (like the gold hasnt been awakened ). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do this as a reward for creating cubes of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a little, lets discuss nodes. A node is a powerful computer that runs the bitcoin software and assists to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin software (totally free ) and leave a certain port open (the downside is the fact that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing carries up about 145GB).

One node will send information to some nodes that it knows, who will relay the information to nodes they know, etc.. This way it ends up getting around the entire network fairly quickly. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These set outstanding transactions into blocks and add them to the blockchain. How can they do this By solving a intricate mathematical puzzle that is a portion of this bitcoin app, and including the answer in the cube. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the data in the block and passed via a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.

(For trivia lovers, this number is called a nonce, which is a concatenation of number used once. In the case of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

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How do they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function makes it impossible to forecast exactly what the outcome will be. So, miners guess the mystery number and apply the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and the information in the block. The resulting hash has to begin with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces anchor that produce the intended result, or there may be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but with a different block configuration). .

The first miner to acquire a resulting hash within the desirable range announces its success to the rest of the network. All the other miners immediately stop work on that block and start trying to figure out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for the own work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .

At the time of writing, the reward is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing is worth almost \$200,000.

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Though its not nearly as cushy a deal as it sounds. There are a lot of mining nodes competing for this benefit, and it's a question of luck and computing power (the more guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you're ).

Also, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to check the effective hardware needed (if you have a faster processor than your competitors, you've got a better chance of finding the right number before they perform ), but also due to the large amounts of electricity that running these next page processors consumes. .

And, the number of bitcoins awarded as a reward for solving the mystery will decrease. Its 12.5 now, however, it pits each four decades or so (the next one is anticipated in 2020-21). The worth of bitcoin relative to cost of electricity and hardware could go up during the next few decades to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The problem of this calculation (the necessary number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so it takes on average about 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes That is the amount of time that the bitcoin developers think is necessary for a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the maximum number of 21 million is reached (expected some time in 2140).